Star Wireless Monitoring System


Long-range radio data acquisition systems are a new tool in the geotechnical and structural monitoring world.  

The Loadsensing (LS) systems help users:

  • Better manage their structure or project by providing data from the instruments of their choice;
  • Improve the protection of large structure by connecting large arrays of instruments;
  • Lower costs by connecting instruments over long distances without the need for cabling.

Why use Loadsensing?

Engineers and project owners can obtain long-term, reliable, and more comprehensive coverage of the structures or areas they wish to monitor at a lower cost. While the DL Series can connect a large number of instruments in a small area more efficiently, difficulties quickly arise when projects contain large areas or structures. The cost of running instrument cables in large-scale instrumentation projects is often prohibitive and becomes a deterrent to the installation of robust and thorough monitoring systems. Deploying the LS and taking advantage of its kilometer-range radio reduces costs for a wide range of projects.

How do they work ?

GKM Consultants’ long-range systems integrate a new high-range, low-power radio with state-of-the-art geotechnical sensors. The system is built around a nodes-gateway structure. Instruments are directly wired connected to nodes, which acquire and transfer data over long distances to a gateway where all data is centralized and accessible.

Example applications

Mine tailings
Mine tailings often require a large number of instruments spread out over a large area. A common situation is to have wells instrumented with piezometers along a several-kilometer-long dike. Using the LS makes it possible to cover distances up to 15 km (with a free line of sight) to transmit measurements to a base station.

Structural health
Structures such as bridges, railways, and highways often span long distances. With the LS, a wide range of instruments, including tiltmeters and settlement systems, can all be linked to a central station (the gateway).

Urban tunneling
Large tunnels in urban environments can pose challenges with regard to the protection of surrounding buildings. To monitor their effects, a large number of instruments, such as tiltmeters, are attached to buildings and structures. Running cables up and down buildings and across streets back to a central logger is expensive and sometimes simply not possible. Implementation of an LS system can cover a large number of buildings in a 600 square kilometer area for a fraction of the cost of standard instrumentation.


Battery life
Up to 10 years

Data storage
Each node can store up to 200,000 readings.
The gateway has 8 Gb of on-board memory.

Radio range
Up to 15 km

Temperature range
-40 to 50 °C

Environmental protection rating

Compatible instruments
Vibrating wire instruments (1- and 5-channel options)
Analog instruments (4 channels)

  • Thermistors
  • RTDs
  • Bridge Strain gages
  • Thermocouples
  • Potentiometers
  • ±10 V
  • 4-20 mA

Digital Instruments

  • SAA
  • Geokon
  • Geosense
  • Sisgeo
  • MDT

Vibrating wire Node
Excitation voltage: ±5 V   
Measurement range: 300 to 7000 Hz
Resolution (-40 to 85 °C): 0.12 Hz
Accuracy (-40 to 85 °C): 0.018% FS


Measurement range: 0 Ω to 4 M Ω
Resolution: 1 Ω
Accuracy (20 °C): 0.05 °C

Pressure range: 300 to 1100 hPa

Tiltmeter Node
Type: MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System)
Inclinometer Range:  ±15°
Accuracy (±5°): 0.003°
Accuracy (±15°): 0.001°
Resolution: 0.001°
Repeatability: 0.002°
Axes: Biaxial
Temperature sensor resolution: 0.1 °C
Temperature sensor accuracy: ±0.5 °C

Analog node
Power supply: 5 V DC / 12 V DC / 24 V DC up to 60 mA selectable for each channel

Measuring ranges [V DC]: ±10; ±1.25
Accuracy (-40 to 85 °C): ±0.05% FS

Current loop (2-3 wires)
Measuring range: 4-20 mA
Accuracy (0 to 50 °C): 0.05% FS

Accuracy (0 to 50°C): ±0.02% FS

Full wheatstone bridge
Accuracy (0 to -50 °C): ±0.1% FS

Accuracy (0 to 50 °C): ±0.2 °C

PT 100
Accuracy (20 °C): ±0.8 °C

Laser Distance Node
Built-in Tilmeter
Typical range: 150 m
Typical accuracy: 1 mm
Repeatability: 0.15 mm

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